The first HBCU, Cheyney University of Pennsylvania, was founded in 1837.There are 100 HBCUs in the United States today of which twenty seven offer doctoral programs, fifty two provide graduate degree programs at the Master’s level, eighty three offer a Bachelor’s degree program and thirty eight of these schools offer associate degrees.If a measurement of an institution is the quality of its product, then HBCUs are at the top among competitors. Surgeon General David Satcher, American Cancer Society of America president Dr. Since their inception, the HBCUs’ commitment to excellence has furthered the development of African Americans who have become leaders in government, business, education, literature, media, science, the military, law, and many other fields and who continue to serve as role models for all peoples at home and abroad. Martin Luther King, Jr., scientist George Washington Carver, Texas Senator Barbara Jordan, Nobel Prize writer Toni Morrison, media mogul Oprah Winfrey, Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, Ghana President Kwame Nkrumah, astronaut Dr. It became education and trained students for careers as teachers or ministers and missionaries, while others focused on preparing students for industrial or agricultural occupations.Some institutions, such as Morehouse, were all-male schools.I attended a historically black college (otherwise known as an HBCU) for undergrad and it was, hands down, the best decision I ever made in my life.After going to majority white private schools for most of my life, I knew that I had to take advantage of a totally different environment for the next four years of my life.
Callaway Professor of History at Morehouse College and former editor of the Journal of Negro History, briefly describes the founding of Atlanta University (Georgia), Clark College (now Clark Atlanta University), Morehouse College, Spelman College, Morris Brown College and the Gammon Theological Seminary." The complex of historically black colleges in Atlanta today forms the largest center for the higher education of blacks in the world.For many years, these institutions, their work, and the black elite that they launched offered a stark contrast to the everyday life of many black Americans. Du Bois on the Atlanta University faculty in 1896, the school's scholarly reputation became firmly entrenched. Candler could say, "Atlanta University had done more to advance the Negro in Georgia than any other school." As one of only a handful of predominantly black graduate schools, the university prospered until recent times, when it faced declining enrollments and serious financial troubles in the wake of desegregation.The oldest of the institutions, Atlanta University, was the alma mater of James Weldon Johnson, Walter White, and hundreds of the most distinguished blacks in American history. A solution was reached by merging with Clark College in 1988. Cole, Jr., then president of Clark College, was elected president of the merged institution, which took the name Clark Atlanta University.The school was chartered by the state of Georgia in 1865 and began as a grammar school, progressing eventually to university status. Two years after the Civil War ended, Morehouse College got its start. Coulter, an ex-slave, returned to Augusta, Georgia, from the National Theological Institute in Washington, D. Giles, founded Atlanta's Spelman College, the nation's oldest historically black college for women.See list of most HBCUs by name, location, and website information. News and World Report Best Colleges 2011 edition, many HBCUs have relatively significant percentages of non-African American student populations consisting of Asian, Hispanic, International and white American students.HBCUs are private and public institutions and offer two year, four-year and advanced degrees in every discipline offered by other colleges and universities, ranging from the arts, business, education, journalism and languages to engineering, research, science and math, to law, religious philosophy, and medicine. Graves, educator Marva Collins, news commentator Ed Bradley, entertainment CEO Sean “P, Diddy” Combs, actor Keenan Ivory Wayans, singer songwriter Lionel Richie, elite athletes Rick Mahorn and Edwin Moses, to name a few. HBCUs are among the most diverse colleges and universities in the United States today. In addition to a high quality equality-based education, HBCUs are smaller than many community colleges, allowing close association with professors and other students in a nurturing environment that supports individual achievement with mentoring, role models, networking and positive cultural history.While attending Howard University was definitely a culture shock for me, but it was such a vital experience to who I am as a person. Try telling that to the white classmates, Asian classmates, Middle Eastern classmates, and mixed race classmates I had over the years.However, my decision was accompanied by the frustration of dealing with people who had some seriously misguided assumptions about what it meant to attend an HBCU. I’ve never been to a more diverse school than my HBCU. I’m pretty sure they’ll disagree with that assessment.Others, such as The growth of HBCUs spurred controversy among prominent African Americans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.Some critics noted that many HBCUs, particularly those existing in the years immediately following the Civil War, were founded by whites, many of whom had negative preconceptions of the social, cultural, and intellectual capabilities of blacks.