'Craig & de Búrca has become a byword for quality: legally accurate and contextually rich' Christopher Hilson, Professor of Law, University of Reading Building on its unrivalled reputation as the definitive EU law textbook, this sixth edition continues to provide clear and insightful analysis of all aspects of European Union law.
Drawing on their wealth of experience both teaching and writing in this area, Paul Craig and Gráinne de Búrca provide a comprehensive and enhanced account of their classic text.
EU government policy is divided into three "pillars" which consist of the following: The principal offices of the EU are located in Brussels, Belgium, although other EU institutions have offices in Luxembourg; Frankfurt, Germany; and Strasbourg, France.
In May 2004, ten new countries joined the European Union, bringing the number of member states to twenty-five.
The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 28 European countries that together cover much of the continent.
The EU began as the European Steel and Coal Community in 1953 with the intent to regulate the capacity of large metal fabricating industries.
Each chapter opens with a concise overview of the 'central issues', providing valuable context, before drawing together key analysis in a comprehensive chapter conclusion to provide a clear yet complete picture of the subject.
Since then, the EU has developed in stages with the creation of an economic community, development of a single market and the removal of many trade restrictions and border controls.
The ECSC Treaty, the EEC Treaty and the EURATOM treaty which created the constituent organizations of what we now call the European Union, were signed in the 1950's. 167) concluded the same day as the EEC Treaty, created the European Atomic Energy Community(EURATOM). The Treaty Establishing a Single Council and a Single Commission of the European Communities (also known as the Merger Treaty of 1965) (4 ILM 776) merged ECSC, EURATOM and EEC to form the European Communities (or EC, commonly called the Common Market). The Commission transmits proposals to the Council of the European Union, which is also in Brussels.
Original members were Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany. On July 1, 1967, the major institutions of the EC became the European Commission, the Council of Ministers, the European Court of Justice and the European Parliament. In 1987 the Single European Act (25 ILM 506) amended the three founding treaties; it established an "internal market" which became effective at the end of 1992. (C 340)1), which entered into force in 1999, amended and renumbered the EU and EC Treaties. The Council, which is made up of ministers from each member country, is the most powerful institution in the EU and the major decision making body.
Most of these documents are accessible via the online catalog; they are available in the Public Documents department in Perkins and in the general collection, classified by subject. The treaty eliminates the three pillar structure created by Maastricht and the current distinction between the EC and the EU, and also guarantees the political, economic and social rights enumerated in the "Charter of Fundamental Rights" (2007 O. The text of the treaty and other documents concerning it are available on the EU website.
The European Union (EU) came into existence in November 1993 after the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty, but the EU has its origins in the aftermath of World War II. The European Commission, which is located in Brussels, is the permanent executive body responsible for implementing the treaties. The Commission also has the authority to bring breaches of the treaties before the Court of Justice.